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From The Apple Wiki

iRecovery is a libusb-based CLI utility for Mac OS X, Linux, and Windows. It is able to talk to iBoot and iBSS and iBEC via USB. It's completely open source; the source code is released under the terms of the GNU GPL v3. The full license text can be found in the LICENSE file on github. Please note that there is no official compiled version available.

It currently connects to:




pod2g, tom3q, planetbeing, geohot and posixninja.


DFU 2.0 (0x1227)

It can upload a file, such as an iBSS, so that you can unplug and spawn a shell with 0x1281.

Recovery 2.0 (0x1281)

File Uploading

You can upload a file to 0x9000000 with the following syntax:

./iRecovery -f file

In newer builds that use libusb-1.0 this is now

./iRecovery -u file

Two-Way Shell

You can spawn a shell to do all sorts of neat things with the syntax:

./iRecovery -s

Once it has spawned, you can type 'help' and iBoot will respond with its built-in command list.

Single Command

./iRecovery -c "command"

Sends a single command to the device *without* spawning a shell.

usb_control_msg(0x21, 2) Exploit Command

./iRecovery -k 

Sends Chronic Dev's + Geohot's latest usb exploit. Implemented into blackra1n. This was updated near 17 October 2009 (2009-10-17). posixninja's fork [Archived 2009-10-23 at the Wayback Machine] In newer builds this is now -e

Auto Boot

You can now enable auto-boot by running:

./iRecovery -a

or by sending /auto-boot in a shell.

In newer builds it is now:

./iRecovery -n

USB Reset

Reset USB

./iRecovery -r

Batch Scripting

iRecovery now supports batch scripting, this allows you to send commands to iBoot from a pre written list of commands, this also supports scripting such as /auto-boot and /upload <file>

./iRecovery -b <file>

or in a shell:

/batch <file>

Raw Commands

You can now send raw commands via the -x21 -x40 or -xA1 flags

Example Output

iRecovery -s

:: iBSS for n82ap, Copyright 2009, Apple Inc.
:: BUILD_TAG: iBoot-596.24
:: USB_SERIAL_NUMBER: CPID:8900 CPRV:30 CPFM:03 SCEP:05 BDID:04 ECID:000003293C113D76 IBFL:00
Entering recovery mode, starting command prompt
] printenv
build-style = "RELEASE"
build-version = "iBoot-596.24"
config_board = "n82ap"
loadaddr = "0x9000000"
boot-command = "fsboot"
bootdelay = "0"
auto-boot = "true"
idle-off = "true"
boot-device = "nand0"
boot-partition = "0"
boot-path = "/System/Library/Caches/"
display-color-space = "RGB888"
display-timing = "optC"
framebuffer = "0xfd00000"
secure-boot = "0x1"

Supported Raw Commands

Currently Supported by All Firmware:
Reboot - Reboots Iphone

More IBoot Commands Information:

NOTE: 'bgcolor' appears to be no longer supported -- requires confirmation.






Note: Source only.